Adventures in Etymology: Triumvirate

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Triumvirate

Triumvirate by ~BlackSeaFoam (DeviantART) used with artist's permission

Triumvirate by ~BlackSeaFoam (DeviantART) used with artist’s permission

Reason for Adventure

Reading the first volume of The Sandman by Neil Gaiman (Preludes and Nocturnes) I can across this word because when The Sandman visits hell to find the whereabouts of one of his possessions, he is told by Lucifer that the realm is no longer ruled by himself alone but is a triumvirate consisting of him, Azazel and Beelzebub.

Dictionary.com Definitions/Origins

Pronunciation:
trahy-uhm-ver-it, -vuh-reyt
Form:
noun
Definition:
1. Roman History . the office or magistracy of a triumvir.
2. a government of three officers or magistrates functioning jointly.
3. a coalition of three magistrates or rulers for joint administration.
4. any association of three in office or authority.
5. any group or set of three.
Origin:
1575–85;  < Latin triumvirātus.  See triumvir-ate3

Source:
triumvirate. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/triumvirate

Online Etymology Dictionary Information

triumvirate (n.) 1580s, from Latin triumviratus, from triumvir (see triumvir).

triumvir (n.) “one of three men in the same office or of the same authority,” 1570s, from Latin triumvir, from Old Latin phrase trium virum, genitive plural of tres viri “three men,” from tres “three” + viri, plural of vir “man” (see virile).

Sources:

Harper, D. (2012). Online etymology dictionary. Retrieved May 10, 2013 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=triumvirate&allowed_in_frame=0

Harper, D. (2012). Online etymology dictionary. Retrieved May 10, 2013 from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=triumvir&allowed_in_frame=0

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